These days, indoor plants are an essential part of every interior design. The green element brightens up indoor spaces and is known to have mood-improving qualities. Apart from these health benefits, indoor plants are easy to take care of and lend themselves to a variety of design themes. In addition, they are ideal for homeowners with little yard space for an outdoor garden, as well as for people in severe climates. However, in order to thrive, indoor plants need proper care.
Qualities of indoor plants
There are several traits to look for when selecting indoor plants for your home or office space. First, it has to have a good root system. While pulling out a plant out of its pot to check the root, isn’t very practical, it’s much easier for smaller plants. Healthy roots should be thick and light in color. When it comes to foliage, the rule of thumb is if you can’t see through, foliage is healthy and thick enough. As plant disease is concerned, it’s most commonly identified by white dots, sticky residue on the foliage, and bad odor.
How much light?
Plants like succulents and cacti need continuous daily sunlight, as they naturally occur in subtropical and sunbathed climates. Other plants with foliage like Dracaena, Hedera Helix, Sanseveria, and Scindapsus need about 8 hours of light every day. However, even there, the amount of light depends on the plant genus, so it’s advisable to check the recommendations for the specific plants.
If your apartment receives little natural light, you may consider plants that thrive in shade or dim places. One of the most common low-light plants is the Philodendron – a well-known indoor plant that is very pest-resistant and adaptable to various environments. With its colorful and vibrant leaves, the Devil’s Ivy or Pothos also thrives in low-light conditions or in bright but indirect light. Dracaena family is often found indoors but requires regular pruning of the foliage that gets too long.
When your indoor plant becomes too large for the pot it’s in, you should re-pot it into a bigger vessel. You need pot soil that isn’t too moist but neither too dry. Remove the plant carefully with its dirt-packed root, and gently tap off the packed soil before placing it into a new pot. If you don’t want to bother with replanting, you should consider plants for hire, as apart from choosing ideal plant species for your apartment or office, the people from plant hire service will take care of all the indoor plant maintenance, care, and replacement, so your indoor greenery always looks new and fresh.
Dealing with pests
Although indoor plants are in a much better position than their garden counterparts, at least as the pests are concerned, aphids, mites, and mealybugs can be really annoying. If you spot them on your plants, purchase some insecticidal soap from your nearest garden center. Spray the entire plants, including the undersides and tops of the leaves, and wait for two weeks before your repeat the spraying. Since the spray doesn’t eliminate the eggs, you should probably repeat the process for the third time, to deal with bugs that are in the process of hatching.
When to water?
To avoid over-watering, which is a common mistake, make sure the plant actually requires water at that moment. For example, you can use a soil probe, which draws out a soil sample, so you can see how dry is the soil under the surface. A moisture meter can tell you how dry the soil is on a scale. Thirdly, you can lift the plant, and if it’s heavy it means it has enough water in it, while lightness indicates it’s dirty. If the leaf edges begin to turn brown or are crispy to the touch, the plant needs water. If the leaves are turning brown and mushy, it typically means the plant has too much water.
What fertilizer to sue
There’s no bro science when it comes to indoor plants nutrition – go to your garden center and look for a fertilizer made specifically for indoor plants. If you need to fertilize blooming plants, look for a fertilizer with the type of plant on the label, but generally, any houseplant fertilizer will do. Even if it’s more expensive than garden plant fertilizer, keep in mind that one bottle will last much longer if used accordion to the manual.
Ideal indoor plants are those that tolerate lower light and humidity, however, if you’re determined to decorate your space with sun-loving species, make sure you provide a sunny windowsill or gallery. Plants have different watering requirements, so you should group them accordingly, to make watering consistent and proper.